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Rise of Precarious Employment

One of the structural factors that prohibit employment success for newcomers is the rise of precarious employment (Wilson, Sakamoto, & Chin, 2017). The concept of precarious employment relates to people whose standard (e.g., full-time) or non-standard employment (e.g., part-time) is low paid and has no medical benefits or a pension plan (Ministry of Labour, Training and Skills Development, 2012-21).


  • Having multiple jobs with low wages
  • Having great risk of injury and ill health
  • Working part-time and temporarily, on term or contract
  • Working full-time for low wages, with minimal or no benefits, such as no pension plan
  • Being solo self-employed with no employees

We address precarious employment and support the standard employment relationship, which is characterized by full-time, secure employment, having access to good wages and benefits (Law Commission of Ontario, 2020).


Law Commission of Ontario. (2020). Vulnerable Workers and Precarious Work.

Ministry of Labour, Training and Skills Development. (2012-21). Chapter 4: Vulnerable workers in precarious jobs.

Wilson, R. M., Sakamoto, I., & Chin, M. D. (2017). The labour market and immigrants. In M. C. Yan, & U. Anucha (Eds.), Working with immigrants and refugees (pp. 111-132). Oxford University Press.

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